Apple Campus 2, Lord of the ‘Rings’ Building
The Parliament House of India in New Delhi, the Vulcano Buono shopping mall in Nola, Italy and Britain’s Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) in Cheltenham are some of the massive ring-shaped buildings in the world. Come next year, they will be dwarfed by the colossal Apple Campus 2, the second corporate headquarters of the iPhone maker in Cupertino, California. Any one of the Parliament House, Vulcano Buono and GCHQ would fit inside the 176-acre Apple Campus 2 making the latter the rightful lord of the “ring” buildings.
The Building of Apple Campus
When contractor Rudolph and Sletten & Holder Construction completes Apple Campus 2 next year, the circular building will have a floor area of 2.8 million square feet. In contrast, Vulcano Buono’s floor area is 1.6 million sq. ft., GCHQ’s is 1.5 million sq. ft., and the Parliament House’s is 261,358 sq. ft. Apple Campus 2 is also more than a mile around while the Italian mall and GCHQ are just one-third of a mile around. Apple Campus 2 will house some 13,000 employees. In contrast, around 5,500 people work at the GCHQ. In terms of cost, the Apple project is projected to cost $5 billion. The British government spent £337 to complete the GCHQ in 2003 while the Vulcano Buono cost €180 million to complete in 2007.
Apple Goes Green
Apple Campus 2 will also be as green as Vulcano Buono and greener than GCHQ and the Parliament House. British firm Foster+Partners, the architects, put glass walls in the four-storey structure so occupants can look out on both sides. Within the ring is a large outdoor park with a fountain and stage in the center. Some 7,000 trees will surround the structure. Electricity will not come from the city’s power grid. The roof will be covered with solar panels to produce electricity that will power the building. The main building will have natural ventilation so air conditioning or heating will not be used for 75 percent of the year. Recycled water will be used in the campus and even be shared with Cupertino residents.
Healthy Work Environment of the Future
Adding to the healthy working environment of Apple Campus 2 are some 1,000 bikes for use by employees in getting around the place, miles of jogging and cycling trails, and a fitness center open to all of Apple’s 20,000 workers in Silicon Valley. The other amenities are a 500-table cafeteria eight times larger than the one in the Infinite Loop campus, underground parking facilities for up to 14,200 cars, and a 1,000-seat underground auditorium for product launching.
London Square not the Design that Steve Jobs Wanted
Oddly, Apple Campus 2 was originally planned as a square building with the design inspired by a London square with houses that surround a park, Forster+Partners founder and chairman Norman Foster told Architectural Record. But the design eventually evolved into a circular building with inputs from Apple’s late CEO Steve Jobs.
“Jobs wanted the new campus to reflect the Californian landscapes from his childhood,” according to Foster.
The environment and workforce are not the only winners in the Apple project. Cupertino folks get to benefit from the $30.6 million in revenue the project is bringing to the City Council. With that, the city can now fund its retirees’ medical needs.